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The nuclear deal and the security of the region

European countries continue to try to dissuade Iran from undermining the nuclear deal, and European countries called on Tehran to cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency for energy to verify Iran's compliance with the terms of the nuclear deal.

And the adherence of European countries to the nuclear agreement is due to preserving European security, especially that Iran has a diverse missile arsenal with a range of reach to the European continent, as well as fears of Iran employing a network of militias and affiliated organizations to carry out terrorist operations on European soil.

On the economic side, European countries adhere to the nuclear agreement to protect European investments in Iran, as well as to ensure that global navigation is not threatened, such as closing the strategic Strait of Hormuz or seizing European tankers, which harms the economic interests of European countries in the region.

Europe also has pressure papers to dissuade Iran from raising the level of uranium enrichment by supporting the move to extend the arms embargo imposed on Iran. And activating the mechanism for resolving the nuclear conflict with Iran, which would lead to the imposition of sanctions on Iran by the United Nations. It is expected that European countries will continue to find an opportunity to achieve a diplomatic breakthrough with Iran on the nuclear deal. If European diplomacy with Tehran fails, Iran will likely face diplomatic isolation. Without a doubt, Germany and the European countries will return to Washington's side in imposing sanctions on Iran.

Natalie Tucci, the former advisor to the European Union’s foreign policy chief, confirmed that if there is a European strategy, it is an attempt to buy time. She explained that the Europeans are betting that Iran will not use the current crisis to enrich uranium to levels ready to build a bomb, despite the pressures it is under.

Elie Guernmaye, an Iranian expert at the European Council on Foreign Relations, explained that the time limits for discussions could be extended, and any party to the deal could go to the Security Council to request the re-imposition of sanctions.

And the German foreign minister stressed during the Munich Security Conference, "Together with the British, the French and the entire European Union, we have found ways to keep Iran in the agreement until today." He added that without this agreement, "the region will not be more secure, but rather it will be one step closer to an open confrontation."

Former European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker presented the leaders ’options to protect European investments in Iran and economic cooperation that is recovering at a slow pace, which is what many European Union countries hope to benefit from. Options include allowing the European Investment Bank to invest in Iran and arranging lines of credit in euros from European Union countries

Many observers of Iranian and regional affairs believe that Iran may be able to close the Strait of Hormuz, but for a short period and at a high cost. Martin Dempsey, the former Joint Chiefs of Staff of the US Armed Forces, commenting on Iran's threats, said: “The Iranians are relying on capabilities that may enable them to close the Strait of Hormuz for a while ... and we rely on our capabilities that guarantee us that this will not happen. We can open the strait, so the response is simple, yes they can close the strait. ”

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