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European Union

The European Union's security and defense efforts remain incomplete and without a minimum, particularly in the area of ​​defense. Himself

The idea of ​​a common defense policy for Europe goes back to 1948, when the United Kingdom, France and the Benelux countries signed the Brussels Treaty. The agreement contained a common defense clause that laid the foundations for the creation of the Western European Union (WEU), which, along with NATO, was the main forum for consultation and dialogue on security and defense in Europe until the late 1990s.

The European Security Strategy (ESS), adopted by the European Council on 12 and 13 December 2003, constitutes the conceptual framework for the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), including the Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP).

The European Security Strategy (ESS) should take into account the political implications of the new security environment. The European Union must be more powerful and capable. The strategy is to emphasize the importance of international cooperation and EU partnerships based on the principle that the Union alone cannot address any of the threats.

Recent contentious issues related to the UK's exit from the Union in January 2020, the contentious negotiations over the European Union's 2021-2027 budget and challenges in dealing with the Coronavirus have altered the bloc's defense priorities.

Numerous defense initiatives at the European Union level and signs of industrial integration of supranational defense have also raised questions about transparency. This trend calls for a serious discussion of criteria that may be appropriate for assessing the democratic quality of security and defense policy and decision-making in the European Union.

The European Union has worked hard to be a positive and effective force for international security, and it did so after its members restored their commitments in relation to peacekeeping operations, the European Union's Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) and crisis management operations.

But the presence of CSDP member states appears to have decreased, indicating a lack of political will to deploy armed forces flying the EU flag. For example, the CSDP forces were not deployed to Libya in 2011, raising questions about the use of political tools to launch and implement EU-led crisis management operations.

The reasons for the insufficiency of the external work of the European Union are bureaucracy, and the obstacle to decision-making in the European Union, and the main obstacle here is the condition of agreement between all member states, as geographical differences in interests often prevent European Union countries from adopting a unified foreign policy, according to the report of the German SWP Foundation For international security policy

It has become clear that this approach is no longer sufficient to form the neighborhood of the European Union as a force for the system and to face the crises and conflicts that affect it. It is therefore not surprising that the European Union, as a collective actor, is largely absent from diplomatic efforts to contain the wars in Syria and Ukraine, as EU states have given the OSCE priority over conflict resolution.

Although the Lisbon Treaty strengthened the European Union's Crisis Management Committee, it defined the EU's global strategy.

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